The Emo site (OAC), Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea: resolving long-standing questions of antiquity and implications for the history of the ancestral Hiri maritime trade

David, Bruno and Geneste, Jean-Michel and Aplin, Ken and Delannoy, Jean-Jacques and Araho, Nick and Clarkson, Christopher and Connell, Kate and Haberle, Simon and Barker, Bryce and Lamb, Lara and Stanisic, John and Fairbairn, Andrew and Skelly, Robert and Rowe, Cassandra (2010) The Emo site (OAC), Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea: resolving long-standing questions of antiquity and implications for the history of the ancestral Hiri maritime trade. Australian Archaeology, 70. pp. 39-54. ISSN 0312-2417

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Abstract

Since the 1970s the site of Emo (aka 'Samoa', 'OAC') in the Gulf Province of Papua New Guinea has been cited as one of the earliest-known ceramic sites from the southern Papuan lowlands. This site has long been seen as holding c.2000 year old evidence of post-Lapita long-distance maritime trade from (Austronesian-speaking) Motu homelands in the Central Province, where pottery was manufactured, to the (non- Austronesian) Gulf Province some 400km to the west where pottery was received and for which large quantities of sago were exchanged (the ancestral hiri trade). However, until now the only three radiocarbon dates available for Emo were out of chronostratigraphic sequence, and few details on the site had been published. This paper presents the results of new excavations and the first detailed series of AMS radiocarbon determinations from Emo, thereby resolving long-standing uncertainties about the age of the site and its implications for the antiquity of the long-distance Motuan hiri maritime trade.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Once accepted for publication in Australian Archaeology, the author retains copyright in the work and may publish or authorise others to publish the entire work or any part thereof, provided that due acknowledgement is made in any further publication that the work was originally published in Australian Archaeology.
Depositing User: Dr Lara Lamb
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Arts - Department of Humanities and International Studies
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2010 11:47
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:57
Uncontrolled Keywords: Papua New Guinea; ceramics; ancestral exchange; maritime trade
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 20 Language, Communication and Culture > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200210 Pacific Cultural Studies
21 History and Archaeology > 2101 Archaeology > 210102 Archaeological Science
21 History and Archaeology > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand)
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/8341

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