Khan, Shahbaz and Dassanayake, Dharma and Mushtaq, Shahbaz and Hanjra, Munir A. (2010) Predicting water allocations and trading prices to assist water markets. Irrigation and Drainage, 59 (4). pp. 388-403. ISSN 1531-0353
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ird.535
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1002/ird.535
Uncertain water allocations and water trading prices are a key constraint to efficient irrigated cropping and water trading decisions. This study shows that neural network models can reasonably forecast seasonal allocations and trading prices in water markets. These models can complement other forecasting techniques such as regression analysis and time series models as the former can better capture the non-linearities in the water trading system. Using a 50% probability risk factor for water variability, the water allocation model showed minor estimation error; however, in one instance the model underestimated the water allocation by 21%. This may be due to exceptionally low initial water allocations and borrowing of water from future years which was outside the training data sets. Similarly, the water trading price forecast model showed modest estimation error of about 11% during 2004/05 probably due to drought. Overall the models have good water allocation and price forecasting accuracy, and the determinants of water trading prices identified by the neural network models are those expected of the econometric models/economic theory.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||irrigation; water allocation; temporary water trade; quarterly water prices; artificial neural networks; water markets; economic; forecast|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070199 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management not elsewhere classified|
14 Economics > 1403 Econometrics > 140303 Economic Models and Forecasting
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||B Ecomonic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9199 Other Economic Framework > 919999 Economic Framework not elsewhere classified|
|Deposited On:||22 Sep 2010 22:12|
|Last Modified:||06 Feb 2012 10:13|
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