Baird, Rachel (2005) Corporate criminals and their involvement in IUU fishing: an Australian perspective. International Fisheries Law and Policy Review, 1 (3). pp. 170-187. ISSN 1740-4570
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IUU fishing has become a lucrative business activity for highly organised fishing entities. Whilst the 1990s were shaped by recognition of the increasing problem of IUU fishing and the formulation of international responses, the new millennium has witnessed a shift in the character of the IUU fishery. Corporate entities have long been involved in marine fisheries. However, a criminal element, characterised by a demonstrated commitment to evading international, regional and national laws, has become apparent in recent years. Fishing grounds in the Southern Ocean have been particularly hard hit by IUU fishing. Remote and hostile seas, practical difficulties associated with conducting surveillance in such seas and the perceived low risk of detection have combined to produce an environment conducive to IUU fishing. Low penalties and high returns have further encouraged IUU fishers to the Southern Ocean. The availability of high economic returns in a low-risk environment has attracted the entry of corporate criminals into IUU fishing. This paper reviews the evidence relating to arrested IUU vessels in the Southern Ocean and concludes that their practice is increasingly corporate and increasingly criminal.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||Paper is © OceanLaw & contributors.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||IUU fishing, Southern Ocean, hot pursuit, prompt release, reflagging|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||18 Law and Legal Studies > 1801 Law > 180111 Environmental and Natural Resources Law|
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070403 Fisheries Management
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940404 Law Enforcement|
|Deposited On:||15 Apr 2010 12:20|
|Last Modified:||21 Mar 2012 13:12|
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