Postle, Glen and Sturman, Andrew (2003) Widening access to higher education: an Australian case study. Journal of Adult and Continuing Education, 8 (2). pp. 195-212. ISSN 1477-9714
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In this paper the authors trace the development of equity within the Australian higher education context over the latter part of the last century. In particular they focus on the ways different perspectives (liberalist-individualist and social democratic) have shaped what has been a dramatic increase in the number and diversity of students accessing higher education in Australia .The adoption of a specific perspective has influenced the formation of policies concerning equity and consequently the way universities have responded to the pressures to accept more and different students. These responses are captured under two main headings – 'restructuring the entry into higher education' and 'changing the curriculum within higher education'. Several examples of current programs and procedures based upon these are explained. The paper concludes with the identification of three 'dilemmas'which have emerged as a result of the development and implementation of equity processes and procedures in higher education in Australia. These are: (a) While there has been an increase in the number and range of students accessing higher education, this has been accompanied by a financial cost to the more disadvantaged students, a cost which has the potential to exacerbate equity principles. (b) For one of the first times in the history of higher education, a focus is being placed on its teaching and learning functions, as opposed to its research functions. The problem is that those universities that have been obliged to broaden their base radically have also been obliged to review their teaching and learning practices without any budgetary compensation. (c) A third consequence of these changes relates to the life of a traditional academic. Universities that have been at the forefront of 'changing their curriculum'to cope with more diverse student groups (open and distance learning) have seen the loss of 'lecturer autonomy' as they work more as members of teams and less as individuals.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||Electronic version unavailable.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Australia; higher education; equity; access|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||16 Studies in Human Society > 1605 Policy and Administration > 160506 Education Policy|
16 Studies in Human Society > 1608 Sociology > 160809 Sociology of Education
13 Education > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||C Society > 93 Education and Training > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939903 Equity and Access to Education|
|Deposited On:||12 May 2010 14:49|
|Last Modified:||28 Jun 2011 16:26|
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