Techniques for solar dosimetry in different environments

Parisi, Alfio and Turnbull, David J. and Schouten, Peter and Downs, Nathan and Turner, Joanna (2009) Techniques for solar dosimetry in different environments. In: UV radiation in global climate change: measurements, modeling and effects on ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 192-204. ISBN 978-3-642-03312-4

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Abstract

Minimization of solar UV exposures is necessary to reduce the risks of detrimental sun-related effects caused by overexposure to sunlight and vitamin D deficiency related diseases. Furthermore, agricultural production can be influenced by changes in solar UV and visible radiation due to atmospheric variability. Consequently, there is a requirement for a full understanding of the solar radiation environment. This chapter describes the development of dosimetric techniques for the measurement of solar UV exposures in different conditions in order to provide an improved characterization of the solar radiation environment for humans and plants. The erythemal exposures during normal daily activities and the effectiveness ofUV protective strategies have been measured with polysulphone dosimeters. These dosimeters have also been miniaturized in order to increase the number of environments in which they can be used. Additionally, polysulphone dosimeters have been employed with appropriate calibration to evaluate the pre-vitamin D3 effective UV exposure on humans, along with the UVB (280 nm -320 nm) exposures to plant leaves. The dynamic range of polysulphone has been extended by the development of a dosimeter that is based on polyphenylene oxide with a dynamic range that is approximately four times longer than that of polysulphone.


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Item Type: Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Chapter 7. Author's version deposited with blanket permission of the publisher. Print copy held in USQ Library at call no. 333.72 Uvr.
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Alfio Parisi
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2011 05:00
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: UV; dosimeter; polysulphone; PPO; erythema; plants
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960599 Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified
D Environment > 96 Environment > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-03313-1_7
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/7001

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