The strategic importance of intellectual capital in the non-profit sector

Kong, Eric (2007) The strategic importance of intellectual capital in the non-profit sector. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 8 (4). pp. 721-731. ISSN 1469-1930


Purpose – This paper aims to examine five key strategic management concepts: industrial organisation (I/O), resource-based view (RBV), knowledge-based view (KBV), balanced scorecard (BSC) and intellectual capital (IC) within the non-profit context and to determine which is most
applicable in the non-profit sector.

Design/methodology/approach – This paper reviews the above concepts in the light of the unique non-profit environment.
Findings – The IC concept is more effective compared with other strategic management concepts within the non-profit context. IC is an important resource that non-profit organisations need to develop in order to gain sustained strategic advantage.

Research limitations/implications – This paper helps to build a nascent body of literature suggesting that the concept of IC is the most effective strategic management concept in NPOs. The increased awareness of the IC concept in the sector, as a result of this paper, is likely to generate further research from both non-profit practitioners and scholars.

Originality/value – Very little systematic research has reviewed the applicability of strategic management concepts within the non-profit context. The paper acts as the first attempt to fill this gap.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information (displayed to public): Author's version unavailable.
Depositing User: Dr Eric Kong
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business - School of Management and Marketing
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2010 12:04
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:39
Uncontrolled Keywords: intellectual capital, non-profit organizations, strategic management
Fields of Research (FoR): 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1501 Accounting, Auditing and Accountability > 150199 Accounting, Auditing and Accountability not elsewhere classified
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1503 Business and Management > 150312 Organisational Planning and Management
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): C Society > 94 Law, Politics and Community Services > 9401 Community Service (excl. Work) > 940199 Community Service (excl. Work) not elsewhere classified
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1108/14691930710830864

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