Ishmayana, Safri and Kennedy, Ursula J. and Learmonth, Robert P. (2009) Enhancing yeast ethanol tolerance for biofuel production. In: 4th Australian Conference on Yeast Products and Discovery, 2-4 Dec 2009, Adelaide, South Australia.
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Official URL: http://www.ayeastgroup.org/YPD/YPD_2009/default.asp
The decrease of fossil fuel availability has created a high demand for alternative fuels, including bioethanol produced by yeast fermentation of carbohydrate. Relatively low yields of ethanol can be a major problem in this bioconversion. Approaches to increase efficiency in the fuel ethanol industry include improving yeast metabolic flux and fermentation rate and selection of yeast with higher ethanol tolerance. This study has an alternative approach, aiming to enhance ethanol tolerance of several strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae through modification of growth medium composition. It focuses specifically on two important components which have been shown to positively affect yeast stress tolerance; inositol and L-proline. Various concentrations of these compounds are being added to laboratory scale fuel ethanol fermentations to determine levels that potentiate the highest ethanol tolerance and productivity of the yeast. The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia, for provision of a postgraduate scholarship to SI.
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