The PID controller design using genetic algorithm

Mohamed Ibrahim, Saifudin Bin (2005) The PID controller design using genetic algorithm. [USQ Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

It is known that PID controller is employed in every facet of industrial automation. The application of PID controller spans from small industry to high technology industry. For those who are in heavy industries such as refineries and ship-building, working with the PID controller is like routine work. Hence how do we optimize the PID controller? Do we still tune the PID as what we use to for example using the classical technique that has been taught to us like Ziegler-Nichols method? Or do we make use of the power of the computing world by tuning the PID in a stochastic manner? In this dissertation, it is proposed that the controller be tuned using the Genetic Algorithm technique. Genetic Algorithms (GAs) are a stochastic global search method that emulates the process of natural evolution. Genetic Algorithms have been shown to be capable of locating high performance areas in complex domains without experiencing the difficulties associated with high dimensionality or false optima as may occur with gradient decent techniques. Using genetic algorithms to perform the tuning of the controller will result in the optimum controller being evaluated for the system every time. For this study, the model selected is of a turbine speed control system. The reason for this is that this model is often encountered in refineries in a form of steam turbine that uses a hydraulic governor to control the speed of the turbine. The PID controller of the model will be designed using the classical method and the results analyzed. The same model will be redesigned using the GA method. The results of both designs will be compared, analyzed and a conclusion will be drawn out of the simulation made.


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Item Type: USQ Project
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:26
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: PID controller, Ziegler-Nichols method, genetic algorithm technique, genetic algorithms, turbine speed control systems
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090601 Circuits and Systems
09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090699 Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/632

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