A study and evaluation on SMART Project, Malaysia

Kannapiran, Ram Kumar M. (2005) A study and evaluation on SMART Project, Malaysia. [USQ Project] (Unpublished)


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A tunnel is a passage way that carries people or vehicles to cross a destination that have
obstruction or to shorten the travelling time. Tunnels in the olden days are used for mainly
mining works. In the recent years as technology evolve with time, tunnels construction had
become more commonly used transport routes in places that alternative solution such as
roads or bridges impossible to be built or the costing is higher since there are obstruction to
be accounted for in order to built the necessary routes. Tunnels are also used as rails links,
vehicles and also as canals for water diversion. Most tunnels are built through a hill or
mountain and underground below cities, roads, ocean or rivers. The constructions of
tunnels are very complex because it involves precise and accurate planning. Tunnel
construction depends mainly on geological study of the sub-surface before determining the
type of construction method and costing involves. This is because the type of soil
formation will determine the structural needs, types of machineries, suitability for that
particular location to construct the tunnel and also the environmental impact on the society
and the natural surrounding especially the sub-surface of the soils (e.g. underground
streams and the stability of the soil).
Tunnels are constructed all around in the world as the method of construction is
getting more advances and this allows the tunnels that are impossible to build are now
done. This thesis is mainly a study on the SMART Tunnel Project that is under
construction in Malaysia. This tunnel is very unique because this is one of a kind tunnel in
the world that combines the wet and dry system. The tunnel is used as a pathway to
transport vehicle and also a channel for stormwater diversion from the city of Kuala
Lumpur. The system is very unique as the tunnel is built using two Slurry Shield TBM
machines that allows the drilling and tunnel lining work to be done continuously without
setbacks. The machine also eliminates the hazard of tunnel stability during construction
and also the ground water drawdown that cause sink holes. The entire thesis is about the
tunnel construction method, technology used, tunnel design, purpose and efficiency of the

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Item Type: USQ Project
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Agricultural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:25
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: tunnels
Fields of Research (FoR): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090506 Structural Engineering
09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090507 Transport Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/617

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