Gibbings, Peter and Raine, Steven R. (2005) Evaluation of a hydrographic technique to measure on-farm water storage volumes. Agricultural Water Management, 78 (3). pp. 209-221. ISSN 0378-3774
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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03783774
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.02.010
Digital terrain models of on-farm water storages are required to assist in accurately measuring the on-farm water balance and water use efficiency components including storage capacity, inflow, seepage, evaporation and discharge volumes. A hydrographic surveying system combining a high-precision global positioning system (GPS) and a low-cost depth sounder was developed to facilitate the creation of a digital terrain model. The system was validated by comparing the hydrographic terrain model and volume measurements against both a traditional real time kinematic (RTK) land based survey and independent lead line depth measurements. Flat bottomed storage volumes were measured with errors of less than 1 percent using the hydrographic survey technique. A major proportion of the error in small storages was found to be associated with the ability to accurately identify the inflection point between the banks and floor of the storage. However, for larger storages, errors were primarily related to density of sampling points within the storage floor area. Recommendations are provided regarding the appropriate measurement procedures, including sampling point density, for a range of storage sizes.
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