Wythes, J. R. and McLennan, S. R. and Toleman, Mark (1980) Liveweight loss and recovery in steers fasted for periods of twelve to seventy-two hours. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, 20 (106). pp. 517-521. ISSN 0045-060X
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[Summary]: Liveweight changes were measured when 21 0 yearling Brahman crossbred steers (396 kg mean initial liveweight) were held in yards and fasted (no feed and water) for 12, 24, 48 or 72 hours. The first fast was followed by a 48 h recovery period on water (1 2W, 24W, 48W and 72W) or water plus hay (48F and 72F), and then a second fast of 12 h. Finally, the steers returned to pasture for 16 days. The steers lost weight most rapidly during the initial 12 h of the first fast. After 12, 24, 48 and 72 h they had lost 23, 30, 46 and 57 kg of their initial liveweight (P < 0.01). All steers recovered weight rapidly when given access to water or water plus feed, particularly during the first 6 h. As a consequence, the range in liveweight of 34 kg between the treatments at the end of the first fast was reduced to as little as 9 and 10 kg after 12 and 18 h, respectively. Twelve hours after the recovery period had commenced, all steers were again losing weight. At the end of this period the range in liveweight was 17 kg ; losses in toto being 33 kg (12W) to 50 kg (72W). At the end of the second fast these losses had increased. Net losses in liveweight were 40, 50, 56 and 58 kg for the 12W, 24W, 48W and 72W steers compared with 46 and 44 kg for the 48F and 72F steers, respectively (P < 0.01). After 16 days on pasture, the 12W steers had regained their initial liveweight whereas the 72W steers were 10 kg lighter (P < 0.01 ). The implications for selling of cattle on liveweight through saleyards are discussed in terms of present procedures and the imposition of statutory fasting periods. An alternative system is proposed.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||Author version not held. Published version cannot be displayed. See Publisher's link to published version.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||liveweight; changes; loss; recovery; steers; fasted; fasting|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070202 Animal Growth and Development|
|Subjects:||300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences > 300400 Animal Production > 300406 Animal Growth and Development|
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Deposited On:||30 Sep 2010 10:32|
|Last Modified:||30 Sep 2010 11:32|
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