The effect of spraying for buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua) on infestations, growth rate and lesion development on Bos indicus x B. taurus cattle in the dry tropics of North Queensland

Holroyd, R. G. and Hirst, D. J. and Merrifield, A. W. and Toleman, M. A. (1984) The effect of spraying for buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua) on infestations, growth rate and lesion development on Bos indicus x B. taurus cattle in the dry tropics of North Queensland. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 35 (4). pp. 595-608. ISSN 0004-9409

Abstract

The effect of spraying for buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua) on infestations, growth rate and lesion development on Bos indicus x B. taurus steers (18 months old) and bullocks (30 months old) were studied in the dry tropics of North Queensland. There were four consecutive drafts commencing between July and September and terminating the following June-July. Half of the animals were sprayed with 200 g/l fenvalerate to control buffalo flies. Treated animals carried, at most, a few flies. The size of the fly populations on the untreated animals varied with the seasons, with the most flies being recorded during the wet season. Light coloured animals carried fewer flies than those with darker colours and bullocks carried more flies than steers. Except for steers in one dry season, repeatabilities of fly counts were significant (P < 0.01). In steers, treatment had no significant (P > 0.05) effect on growth over the four treatment periods, although there were significant effects of treatment on growth in some intermediate periods. Treatment significantly (P < 0.05) affected bullock growth in two of the four years. Significant (P < 0.05) positive correlations were found between fly counts and growth rate in two years. Few lesions were recorded on treated animals. Lesion prevalence and size on untreated animals were generally not associated with fly counts, coat colour or growth rate.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author version not held. Published version cannot be displayed. See Publisher's link to published version.
Depositing User: Mrs Rae Jones
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2010 02:21
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2013 23:50
Uncontrolled Keywords: spraying; buffalo fly; Bos indicus x B. taurus; Queensland
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070202 Animal Growth and Development
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070205 Animal Protection (Pests and Pathogens)
06 Biological Sciences > 0608 Zoology > 060804 Animal Immunology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/5269

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