Personal effectiveness training for unemployed people: where to now?

Creed, Peter A. and Machin, M. Anthony and Nicholls, Pat (1998) Personal effectiveness training for unemployed people: where to now? Australian Journal of Career Development, 7 (1). pp. 30-34. ISSN 1038-4162

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Abstract

Unemployment remains a major social problem in Australia. Successive governments have attempted to address the problem, in part, by funding occupational skills based training programs for the unemployed. This paper reviews the general area of occupational skills/personal effectiveness training for unemployed people, and reports on outcomes for individuals attending 'typical' courses in Australia. Also reported, are outcomes for unemployed people who attended specially devised training, based on the cognitive behavioural (e.g., Beck, 1976) and learned optimism (Seligman, 1990) intervention approaches, that was aimed at improving well-being, confidence and coping abilities. Variables assessed include individual well-being (e.g., psychological distress), confidence (e.g., self-efficacy), attitude-to-work (e.g., work-commitment); training climate; and labour market outcomes such as return-to-work. More positive outcomes were identified for unemployed people attending the specially devised programs. The authors argue that training targeted at unemployed people must be based on sound theoretical principles to produce measurable long-term benefits. Future applications of personal development programs are discussed in relation to occupational skills based training and as stand-alone programs.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. This journal is available online. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the ACER journal. It is not the copy of record. Final and authorised version first published in the Australian Journal of Career Development in Volume 7, Number 1, published by the Australian Council for Educational Research. Copyright 1998 Australian Council for Educational Research.
Depositing User: ePrints Administrator
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2009 05:18
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:12
Uncontrolled Keywords: unemployment, training, training courses, interventions, personal development
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 16 Studies in Human Society > 1607 Social Work > 160703 Social Program Evaluation
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/4803

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