Success orientation, coaching behaviour, and player outcomes in junior tennis

Terry, Peter C. (2006) Success orientation, coaching behaviour, and player outcomes in junior tennis. In: Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice, 26-30 Sep 2006, Auckland, New Zealand.

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Abstract

In Study 1, 169 tennis coaches completed a Success Orientation Questionnaire. Orientations were associated with age, sex and status of coaches. Second-order factor analysis dichotomised coaches into process or outcome orientation. In Study 2, a Tennis Behaviour Analysis System was developed, showing good inter-observer agreement (92%) and test-retest reliability (98%). Ten professional coaches observed on three occasions spent 52% of time on court observing players, 21% regulating technical aspects of play and 9% providing general reinforcement. Behaviour varied across coaches but was consistent between sessions. In Study 3, links between coach orientation, coach behaviour, and outcomes for players were investigated for 30 coach-player relationships. Behaviours were predicted from orientation with 36.5% to 71.5% of variance explained. Outcomes for players were predicted from coach orientation and behaviour with 24.9% to 51.3% of variance explained. Process orientation predicted competition success, systematic organisation, player fulfilment, interpersonal relationships, and intrinsic rewards. The orientation-outcome link was mediated by behaviour for some outcomes but was direct for others. Generally, behaviour high in technical and general reinforcement, low in distraction, with frequent questions and restricted observation, was associated with positive outcomes.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version deposited according to Publisher's requirements: 'This is an electronic version of an article published in Katsikitis, Mary (Ed.) (2006). Proceedings of the 2006 Joint Conference of the Australian Psychological Society and the New Zealand Psychological Society: Psychology Bridging the Tasman: Science, Culture and Practice (pp. 410-414). Melbourne, Australia: Australian Psychological Society. ISBN 0-909881-30-8.'
Depositing User: Prof Peter Terry
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2008 06:40
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 23:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: tennis; junior tennis; coaches; coaching
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1702 Cognitive Sciences > 170205 Neurocognitive Patterns and Neural Networks
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/4361

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