Personality does not influence exercise-induced mood enhancement among female exercisers

Lane, Andrew M. and Milton, Karen E. and Terry, Peter C. (2005) Personality does not influence exercise-induced mood enhancement among female exercisers. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4 (3). pp. 223-228. ISSN 1303-2968


The present study investigated the influence of personality on exercise-induced mood changes. It was hypothesised that (a) exercise would be associated with significant mood enhancement across all personality types, (b) extroversion would be associated with positive mood and neuroticism with
negative mood both pre- and post-exercise, and (c) personality measures would interact with exerciseinduced
mood changes. Participants were 90 female exercisers (M = 25.8 yr, SD = 9.0 yr) who completed the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) once and the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) before and after a 60-minute exercise session. Median splits were used to group participants into four
personality types: stable introverts (n = 25), stable extroverts (n = 20), neurotic introverts (n = 26), and
neurotic extroverts (n = 19). Repeated measures MANOVA showed significant mood enhancement following exercise across all personality types. Neuroticism was associated with negative mood scores pre- and post-exercise but the effect of extroversion on reported mood was relatively weak. There was no significant interaction effect between exercise-induced mood enhancement and personality. In
conclusion, findings lend support to the notion that exercise is associated with improved mood. However, findings show that personality did not influence this effect, although neuroticism was associated with negative mood.

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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Publisher: Uludag University, Department of Sports Medicine
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information (displayed to public): Deposited with blanket permission of publisher.
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:21
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:32
Uncontrolled Keywords: mood; exercise; personality; mental health; POMS; BRUMS; EPI
Fields of Research (FoR): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170105 Gender Psychology
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences

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