Buttsworth, D. R. and Davison, C. and MacLeod, J. D. and Strapp, J. W. (2007) Evaporator design for an isokinetic total water content probe in a naturally aspirating configuration. In: 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC 2007), 3-7 Dec 2007, Gold Coast, Australia.
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A number of recent aircraft turbofan power failure events have been linked to ice accretion in the initial compressor stages while the aircraft is traversing the anvil region of storm clouds. The water content in such cloud regions is not well known and the accuracy of most existing water content probes is likely to be poor under such conditions. A new cloud water content probe is being developed for airborne characterisation of such clouds and a critical feature of the probe is the evaporator. In this work we develop some analytical expressions to assist in the design and characterisation of the evaporator. In particular, we consider the issue of convective heat transfer to the ice and water particles moving with the air flow through the evaporator. For the particular evaporator design we are considering, it is shown that ice particles larger than 100 μm are unlikely to have sufficient residence time to evaporate if they remain suspended in the heated air. Although these larger ice particles are likely to impact on the evaporator walls so there is also an opportunity for direct conduction heating, the present analysis indicates that particles larger than 100 μm may not adhere to the walls. However, there are many uncertainties in the present analysis and experiments are needed to determine the actual performance of the evaporator.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)|
|Additional Information:||No evidence of copyright restrictions.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||cloud water; evaporator; aircraft turbofan; content instrumentation|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090199 Aerospace Engineering not elsewhere classified|
09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091504 Fluidisation and Fluid Mechanics
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040106 Cloud Physics
|Subjects:||290000 Engineering and Technology > 290500 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering > 290501 Mechanical Engineering|
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering|
|Deposited On:||07 Dec 2007 14:36|
|Last Modified:||18 Jan 2013 14:34|
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