Plant based resins for fibre composites

Faigl, Pavel and Rogers, David and Maurin, Romain and Van Erp, Gerard (2007) Plant based resins for fibre composites. In: 4th Annual Composites Australia and Composites CRC Conference (CRC 2007): New Technology Taking Shape, 19-20 Apr 2007, Gold Coast, Australia.

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Abstract

Epoxidized vegetable oils were obtained by epoxidation of plant oils, such as canola, soybean or linseed. These epoxidized oils could be used, after curing with suitable amines, to prepare rubbery materials, which are proposed as a replacement of the commercially produced CTBN-style resins. Incorporation of such resins to commercial epoxy systems gives an increased toughness, similar to the CTBN additives, but at much lowers cost. The paper discusses the preparation of the epoxidized oils, their characteristics and use in preparation of the vegetable rubber resins. Results of DMA and other tests are discussed. The authors have demonstrated that vegetable oils can be used to partially replace petrochemically derived materials. While exceeding or maintaining the sought-after properties (stiffness, toughness), such systems use renewable raw materials and are therefore environmentally more sound than systems which use only petrochemically derived components.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: No
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © Composites Australia 2004 This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organisation. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, all other rights are reserved. More information on the use of this material is available from the Composites Australia.
Depositing User: Dr Pavel Faigl
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 01:20
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2013 02:31
Uncontrolled Keywords: epoxidized vegetable oils; resins; epoxidation; vegetable rubber resins; CTBN; mechanical properties; stiffness; toughness
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
03 Chemical Sciences > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030503 Organic Chemical Synthesis
03 Chemical Sciences > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030502 Natural Products Chemistry
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/3120

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