Effects of six months of combined aerobic and resistance training for elderly patients with a long history of type 2 diabetes

Tan, Sijie and Li, Wei and Wang, Jianxiong (2012) Effects of six months of combined aerobic and resistance training for elderly patients with a long history of type 2 diabetes. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11 (3). pp. 495-501. ISSN 1303-2968

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Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of a 6-month combined aerobic and resistance training program on the body composition, glycemic control, lipid profile, and functional capacity of older patients with a long history of type 2 diabetes. 25 subjects (65.9 ± 4.2 yrs; M/F: 13/12) with a long history of type 2 diabetes (16.7 ± 6.7 yrs) were randomly allocated into either the exercise or control groups. The exercise group trained three sessions a week. Each session consisted of a warm-up period, 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise, 10 minutes of resistance training with five leg muscle exercises (two sets of 10-12 repetitions at 50-70% of 1RM for each activity), and a cool-down period. The variables of body composition, glycemic control, lipid profile, and functional capacity were measured before and after the study period. Exercise training decreased waist-hip ratio and body fat of the trained subjects. Concentrations of fasting and 2- hour post-glucose challenge plasma glucose and serum insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin decreased significantly in the exercise group. Exercise training improved the lipid profile and also increased the leg muscle strength and 6-minute walking distance of the trained subjects. The control group, however, increased their body fat and fasting plasma glucose, while other variables were not changed during the study period. The current results demonstrate that elderly patients with a long history of type 2 diabetes can benefit from the 6-month combined aerobic and resistance training program.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Article published in open access journal. 'All content are available free of charge without restrictions from the journal's Website at: http://www.jssm.org.'
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2012 05:25
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2014 06:07
Uncontrolled Keywords: exercise training; functional capacity; glycemic control; lipid profile; type 2 diabetes
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110306 Endocrinology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science > 110602 Exercise Physiology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics > 111103 Nutritional Physiology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): C Society > 92 Health > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920104 Diabetes
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/22196

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