Ireland, Michael James (2012) Meditation and psychological health: Modeling theoretically derived predictors, processes, and outcomes. Mindfulness . ISSN 1868-8527 (In Press)
|HTML Citation||EndNote||MODS||Dublin Core||Reference Manager|
Full text not available from this archive.
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1007/s12671-012-0136-z
Despite evidence attesting to positive psychological effects of meditation, little is known about how variance in the level of engagement with meditation actually relates to positive outcomes. This study draws on multiple traditional and contemporary theoretical frameworks to (1) uncover fundamental aspects of variability in meditation practice, (2) test the role of several primary and secondary processes believed to be responsible for positive effects, and (3) explore a range of positive and negative outcomes believed to be closely aligned with the original intended out-comes of meditation practices. Using two large (each N>500) heterogeneous samples of meditation practitioners, this study calibrated and then cross-validated a theoretical model testing the plausibility of several causal pathways linking variation in experience with meditation to positive and negative psychological outcomes. Results showed that individual differences in meditation involve both behavioral aspects accounting for the degree of engagement, and psychological aspects incorporating the intensity or depth of this engagement. Variation in these aspects accounts for large proportions of variance in psychological health and functioning outcomes. Several factors representing attention refinement (mindfulness), changes in self-perception and outlook (transcendence), worldview (insight), and psychological development serve as plausible change mechanisms serving to transmit the effects of meditation on psychological health and functioning.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||Published online 24 August 2012. Permanent restricted access to ArticleFirst version in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Meditation; mindfulness; insight; psychological health; wellbeing; positive psychology|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170111 Psychology of Religion|
17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Deposited On:||09 Dec 2012 21:35|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2013 08:23|
Archive Staff Only: edit this record