Kuan, Garry and Morris, Tony and Terry, Peter C. (2011) Effects of relaxing and arousing music on imagery for dart throwing. In: 13th FEPSAC European Congress of Sport Psychology: Sport and Exercise Psychology: Human Performance, Well-being and Health (ECSP 2011), 12-17 Jul 2011, Madeira, Portugal.
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of relaxing and arousing music during imagery rehearsal on dart-throwing performance. Forty-five volunteer sports science students with intermediate imagery ability, as measured by the Sport Imagery Ability Measure, were matched into three groups: 1) Unfamiliar relaxing music with imagery; 2) Unfamiliar arousing music with imagery; and 3) no music with imagery (control). Unfamiliar music was chosen to minimize the potential confound of past associations. A pre-test-intervention post-test design study was conducted, involving dart throwing at a concentric circles dartboard. To measure state anxiety the CSAI-2R and Sport grid-R were administered before the 40-trial dart-throwing performance pre-test. Participants completed 12 sessions of imagery of accurate dart-throwing, then the CSAI-2R and Sport grid-R were re-administered in session 12 followed by the 40-trial performance post-test. In sessions 1 and 12, HR, GSR, and peripheral temperature were measured.ANOVA revealed a significant main effect for music (F = 3.25, p < .05, ?2 =.134). A significant interaction effect was observed for dart-throwing performance across the music conditions (F = 12.0, p < .05, ?2 =.36). Paired t tests in each music condition revealed that there was a significant improvement of performance in the relaxing music (p < .05) and arousing music groups (p < .05), but not in the no-music control group (p > .05). In conclusion, relaxing and arousing music both showed improvements in dart throwing performance, although unfamiliar relaxing classical music showed a larger performance increase in this fine motor skill. Self-report and psychophysiological measures of anxiety and arousal showed changes that were consistent with those expected for relaxing and arousing music.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Poster)|
|Additional Information:||Only the abstract, as provided here, was published in the conference proceedings.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||relaxation; imagery; music; performance|
|Depositing User:||Prof Peter Terry|
|Date Deposited:||05 Jun 2012 05:57|
|Last Modified:||03 Jul 2013 01:11|
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