Algae as a sustainable energy source for biofuel production in Iran: a case study

Najafi, Gholamhassan and Ghobadian, Barat and Yusaf, Talal F. (2011) Algae as a sustainable energy source for biofuel production in Iran: a case study. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15 (8). pp. 3870-3876. ISSN 1364-0321

Abstract

Algae can be converted directly into energy, such as biodiesel, bioethanol and biomethanol and therefore can be a source of renewable energy. There is a growing interest for biodiesel production from algae because of its higher yield non-edible oil production and its fast growth that does not compete for land with food production. About 50% of algae weight is oil that this lipid oil can be used to make biodiesel. Algae is capable of yielding 30 times more oil per acre than the crops currently used in biodiesel production. Processes for biodiesel production from algae-oil are similar to food and non-food crops derived biodiesel processes. Because of disadvantages of fossil fuels, renewable energy sources are getting importance for sustainable energy development and environmental protection. Among the renewable sources, Iran has high biofuel energy potential. The Iranian government is considerable attention to the utilization of renewable energy, especially biofuels. Iran has enough land in order to algae cultivation that does not compete with food production. A salt lake (Lake Orumieh) in Iran's West Azarbaijan province, Maharlu salt lake in Iran's Fars province, Qom salt lake in Iran's Qom province have given rise to a new species of algae for biofuel. Algae are frequent in the shallow-marine lime stones in Zagros Mountains in north of Fars province. Greenish blooms of algae can be seen in the Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea, south and north of Iran respectively. This study presents a brief introduction to the resource, status and prospect of algae as a sustainable energy source for biodiesel production in Iran. The main advantages of using algae for biodiesel production in Iran are described.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2012 00:43
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 01:08
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel production; biofuel production; Caspian Sea; food production; government IS; higher yield; non-edible oil; non-food crops; Persian Gulf; renewable energy source; salt lakes; sustainable energy development
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090405 Non-automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
06 Biological Sciences > 0607 Plant Biology > 060701 Phycology (incl. Marine Grasses)
03 Chemical Sciences > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030502 Natural Products Chemistry
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.010
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/21046

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