Mean exposure fractions of human body solar UV exposure patterns for application in different ambient climates

Downs, Nathan and Parisi, Alfio (2012) Mean exposure fractions of human body solar UV exposure patterns for application in different ambient climates. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 88 (1). pp. 223-226. ISSN 0031-8655

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Abstract

In this research, the erythemally effective UV measured using miniaturized polysulphone dosimeters to over 1250 individual body sites and collected over a four year period is presented relative to the total exposed skin surface area (SSA) of a life-size manikin model. A new term is also introduced, the Mean Exposure Fraction (MEF). The MEF is used to weight modeled or measured horizontal plane UV exposures to the total unprotected SSA of an individual and is defined as the ratio of exposure per unit area received by the unprotected skin surfaces of the body relative to the exposure received on a horizontal plane. The MEF has been calculated for a range of solar zenith angles (SZA) to provide a sunburning energy data set weighted to the actual SSA of a typically clothed individual. For this research the MEF was determined as 0.15, 0.26 and 0.41 in the SZA ranges 0o-30o, 30o-50o and 50o-80o providing information that can be used in a variety of different ambient, latitudinal and seasonal climates where total human body UV exposure information is not available.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author's version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com.
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Alfio Parisi
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2012 10:44
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 01:05
Uncontrolled Keywords: skin cancer; UV; erythema; environmental exposure; human; sunlight; ultraviolet radiation
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 01 Mathematical Sciences > 0102 Applied Mathematics > 010202 Biological Mathematics
09 Engineering > 0903 Biomedical Engineering > 090303 Biomedical Instrumentation
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2011.01025.x
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/20861

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