Barnes, G. T. (2008) The potential for monolayers to reduce the evaporation of water from large water storages. Agricultural Water Management, 95 (4). pp. 339-353. ISSN 0378-3774
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Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2007.12.003
In the laboratory, molecularly thick films of compounds such as hexadecanol and octadecanol have been shown to retard the evaporation of water. While such monolayers offer the prospect of an economical solution to the evaporative loss of water from storages there are practical difficulties arising mainly from the short lifetimes of these monolayers on the water surface. This review article describes the relevant laboratory experiments and results, and then discusses the problems that have arisen in field applications. It is clear that better monolayer materials are required and that better methods of monolayer distribution would also be helpful. Although no resolution of these difficulties is available at present it is hoped that a better understanding of the problems will stimulate further research.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||evaporation control; evaporation reduction; monolayers for evaporation reduction|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090410 Water Treatment Processes|
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0799 Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 079901 Agricultural Hydrology (Drainage, Flooding, Irrigation, Quality, etc.)
05 Environmental Sciences > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||D Environment > 96 Environment > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961103 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments (excl. Urban and Industrial Use)|
|Deposited On:||02 Apr 2012 22:13|
|Last Modified:||03 Apr 2012 11:57|
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