Trade liberalization and gender gap: Bangladesh experience

Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur (2011) Trade liberalization and gender gap: Bangladesh experience. In: ETSG 2011: 13th Annual Conference of the European Trade Study Group, 8-10 Sep 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Abstract

This paper explores the gender differentiated effects of trade liberalisation in Bangladesh. Since the Ready-Made Garments (RMG) industry employs the largest number of industrial female workers and contributes the most in export earnings and GDP, our analysis is mainly based on this industry. The paper finds that trade has created more than 5 times higher job for women than men in the RMG sector. However, female workers are more discriminated than the male counterparts in terms working conditions such as granting leave and sickness incidence. Males’ working hours are found longer than females’ working hours. Nationwide, women’s wage is much lower than men’s wage for all kinds of labour. However, income gap between male and female workers seems lower in the RMG sector. The low level of education and skill of female workers, male’s longer working time, poor attitude and belief of employers about women’s ability and skill are the main factors for this gender differentiated income.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Conference program is at http://www.etsg.org/ETSG2011/ETSG2011Programme.html. No restrictions on availability of conference paper.
Depositing User: Dr Mafiz Rahman
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Business and Law - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2012 07:06
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 01:04
Uncontrolled Keywords: trade liberalisation; gender gap; Bangladesh
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140211 Labour Economics
16 Studies in Human Society > 1699 Other Studies in Human Society > 169901 Gender Specific Studies
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140210 International Economics and International Finance
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9103 International Trade > 910399 International Trade not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/20801

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