Production and marketing of small ruminants in Balochistan, Pakistan: case study of Kovak and Asghara Valleys in Balochistan, Pakistan

Mushtaq, Shahbaz (2011) Production and marketing of small ruminants in Balochistan, Pakistan: case study of Kovak and Asghara Valleys in Balochistan, Pakistan. Lambert Academic Publishing, Koln, Germany. ISBN 978-3-8473-2706-6

Abstract

This study is mainly concerned with the production and marketing of small ruminants being raised in Kovak and Asghara valleys of Balochistan, Pakistan. In all 61 farmers raising small ruminants were interviewed. The mean size of flock of ruminants raised was consisted of 134 animals including 89 sheep and 45 goats. The cost of production on average was estimated at Rs. 1,54,259 per flock. The major items of cost consisted of feed and fodder, veterinary medicines, repair and maintenance, shearing, chain & rope, shepherd and miscellaneous costs, which accounted for Rs. 1,02,237.48, Rs. 15,283.49, Rs. 5,213, Rs. 1,450, Rs. 361, Rs. 13,912 and Rs. 15,800 to the total, respectively. The average yields of wool of adult sheep of Balochi, Bibrik, Harnai and Rakshani were 2.30, 1.75, 1.83 and 1.25 kgs while that of young sheep of the same breeds were 1.75, 1.12, 1.10 and 0.96 kgs per animal, respectively. The average yields of hair from adult goat of Kajli and Khursani breeds were 1.20 and 1.12 kgs per animal, while that from young goat of Kajli and Khursani breeds were 0.70 and 0.75 kgs. The net revenue per flock was estimated at Rs. 90,574. The net revenues in Kovak and Asghara valleys were Rs. 1,06,824, and Rs. 71,424 respectively. On overall basis, net revenue per animal per year was estiamted at Rs. 675.87 with Rs. 710 and Rs. 622 in Kovak and Asghara valleys, respectively. However, the net revenue per adult animal was Rs. 1,293 with Rs. 1,286 and Rs. 1,337 in Kovak and Asghara valleys, respectively. A very high proportion of both sheep and goats raised (88%) in the study area was used for the household purposes, and only 12% were marketed. Steps should be taken to encourage marketable surpluses of both sheep and goats. In most of the cases, animals were marketed/sold out when the family needed to purchase the necessities of life from the market. This tendency should be discouraged through expanding credit facilities. Instead of fixing meat prices and imposing meatless days which depress the sheep and goat price, market must be freely operated on the basis of demand and supply forces. Lack of information constitutes a major hurdle to improving small ruminant’s market efficiency, and steps must be taken for the dissemination of market price so that farmers plan output more carefully according to seasonal price fluctuations. Step should be taken to encourage small ruminant growers to convert from rural farming to commercial farming.


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Item Type: Book (Commonwealth Reporting Category A)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: This book is probably unedited and refereed. Access restricted due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Depositing User: Dr Shahbaz Mushtaq
Faculty / Department / School: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2012 02:51
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 01:02
Uncontrolled Keywords: animal production; agricultural economics
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070299 Animal Production not elsewhere classified
14 Economics > 1402 Applied Economics > 140205 Environment and Resource Economics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910404 Productivity (excl. Public Sector)
B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830311 Sheep - Wool
B Economic Development > 91 Economic Framework > 9104 Management and Productivity > 910403 Marketing
B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830310 Sheep - Meat
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/20689

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