Soil physical properties and infiltration after long-term no-tillage and ploughing on the Chinese Loess Plateau

He, Jin and Wang, Qingjie and Li, Hongwen and Tullberg, J. N. and McHugh, A. D. and Bai, Yuhua and Zhang, Xuemin and McLaughlin, Neil and Gao, Huanwen (2009) Soil physical properties and infiltration after long-term no-tillage and ploughing on the Chinese Loess Plateau. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 37 (3). pp. 157-166. ISSN 0014-0671

Abstract

Water is the most limiting factor for crop production in dryland farming. A better understanding of the long-term impact of tillage and residue management systems on soil structure and water infiltration is necessary for the further development of conservation tillage practice to improve water use efficiency. The objectives of this study were to assess the influence of no-till with residue retention (NT) and conventional (plough) tillage with residue removal (CT) on soil properties and soil water transmission characteristics in a winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) monoculture system in Shanxi, on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Soil physical parameter measurements were made in the top 30 cm depth in September 2007 after 16 years under the two tillage treatments. Compared with CT treatment, NT significantly (P < 0.05) reduced soil bulk density (7.1%) in the 20-30 cm soil layer, and increased macroporosity (>60 μm, 17.0%) and saturated hydraulic conductivity (249%) in the 15-30 cm soil layer. There were no significant differences in these soil physical properties between tillage systems in the 0-15 cm layer. In addition, plant available water and water infiltration rate were greater in the NT treatment. The improved soil quality parameters and water infiltration from this long-term experiment indicate that no-tillage with residue retention is a promising farming system for the dryland farming areas of northern China.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: © The Royal Society of New Zealand 2009. Permanent restricted access to paper due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Depositing User: Dr Allen (Jack) McHugh
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2011 06:45
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2013 02:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: conservation tillage; soil water retention characteristics; saturated hydraulic conductivity; soil aggregates; soil porosity; infiltration
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management > 070199 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050399 Soil Sciences not elsewhere classified
05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050302 Land Capability and Soil Degradation
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9614 Soils > 961402 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1080/01140670909510261
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/20103

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