Determinants of short-term forgetting: decay, retroactive interference or proactive interference?

Tolan, G. Anne and Tehan, Gerald (1999) Determinants of short-term forgetting: decay, retroactive interference or proactive interference? International Journal of Psychology, 34 (5-6). pp. 285-292. ISSN 0020-7594

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Abstract

[Abstract]: In two experiments short-term forgetting was investigated in a short-term cued recall task designed to examine proactive interference effects. Mixed modality study lists were tested at varying retention intervals using verbal and non-verbal distractor activities. When an interfering foil was read aloud and a target item read silently, strong PI effects were observed for both types of distractor activity. When the target was read aloud and followed by a verbal distractor activity, weak PI effects emerged. However, when a target item was read aloud and non-verbal distractor activity filled the retention interval, performance was immune to the effects of PI for at least eight seconds. The results indicate that phonological representations of items read aloud still influence performance after 15 seconds of distractor activity.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Authors' final version of the text made available in accordance with copyright policy of publisher.
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Gerry Tehan
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:55
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:41
Uncontrolled Keywords: short-term recall, short-term memory, proactive interference
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1080/002075999399585
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/1981

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