Expansion tunnel radiation experiments to support Hayabusa re-entry observations

Buttsworth, David and D'Souza, Mary and Potter, Daniel and Eichmann, Troy and Mudford, Neil and McGilvray, Matthew and McIntyre, Timothy J. and Jacobs, Peter and Morgan, Richard (2010) Expansion tunnel radiation experiments to support Hayabusa re-entry observations. In: 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition (AIAA 2010), 4-7 Jan 2010, Orlando, FL, USA.

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Abstract

The Hayabusa sample return capsule is scheduled for re-entry near Woomera, Australia in June 2010 and expansion tube experiments are being performed to support the planned re-entry observation campaign. Initial experiments using a 1/10th scale model of the Hayabusa forebody have been performed in the X2 expansion tunnel facility at The University of Queensland to simulate aerothermal elements of the anticipated re-entry. Experiments have been performed at an effective flight speed of around 9.8 km/s using steel models, and steel models coated with a layer of epoxy to simulate pyrolysis gases associated with heat shield ablation. Spectral emissions from the stagnation region of the capsule have been acquired using a spectrograph system. Two dimensional maps of the luminous emissions from the shock heated flow have also been acquired using a high speed camera. Deduction of flow conditions generated in the X2 expansion tunnel is achieved using quasione- dimensional simulations coupled to an axisymmetric simulation of the flow through the expansion tunnel nozzle. The effects of the ablative epoxy material are observed in the data from both the spectrograph system and the high speed camera. Both systems register strong emissions in the ablative layer, and the strength of the spectral peaks associated with CN emissions are shown to be enhanced by the presence of the epoxy. Further measurement and analysis is required to confidently define the flow conditions produced by the expansion tunnel, and to quantify results from the spectrograph and high speed camera measurements. Copyright © 2010 by Buttsworth, D'Souza, Potter, Eichmann, Mudford, McGilvray, McIntyre, Jacobs, and Morgan.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy. Article # 2010-0634
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2011 04:07
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: aerothermal; Australia; axisymmetric simulation; epoxy material; expansion tubes; flight speed; flow condition; flowthrough; heat shields; heated flow; measurement and analysis; quasi-one-dimensional; radiation experiment; sample return capsule; scale models; spectral emission; spectral peak; stagnation regions; two-dimensional map; University of Queensland
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering > 091508 Turbulent Flows
09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090108 Satellite, Space Vehicle and Missile Design and Testing
09 Engineering > 0901 Aerospace Engineering > 090107 Hypersonic Propulsion and Hypersonic Aerodynamics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/19607

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