Morphometric analyses of Batissa violacea shells from Emo (OAC), Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea

Thangavelu, Anbarasu and David, Bruno and Barker, Bryce and Geneste, Jean-Michel and Delannoy, Jean-Jacques and Lamb, Lara and Araho, Nick and Skelly, Robert (2011) Morphometric analyses of Batissa violacea shells from Emo (OAC), Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea. Archaeology in Oceania, 46 (2). pp. 67-75. ISSN 0003-8121

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Abstract

Archaeological investigations of human predation pressures on shellfish usually rely on measurements of complete shell specimens. However, most archaeological shell assemblages consist predominantly of broken shells, limiting measurable sample sizes, and thus potentially biasing results in cases where shell fragmentation is biased towards particular size classes (due to shell size-fragility correspondences). This paper presents a recent application of morphometric analyses on the Batissa violacea assemblage from Emo, an early ceramic site from the Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea. Our method enabled most shell valves, fragmented or not, to be accurately and comparably measured for size. The results reveal a close match between the commencement of occupation and maximum shell sizes in a sequence of occupational phases, each separated by many decades to hundreds of years of site abandonment. While each occupational phase begins with peak mean shell sizes, the later peaks never again attain the mean shell size of the initial phase. As each phase progresses, shell sizes diminish until abandonment, and then the same pattern starts again with the next phase. Identical trends were obtained from two separate excavation squares. We interpret these results to indicate that while people may have abandoned the site of Emo between the occupational phases, they did not abandon the region, continuing to exploit local shellfish beds, albeit less frequently than during the site’s occupation. These results highlight the ability of local (site-specific) archaeological shell data to shed light on regional demographic and occupational trends.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Depositing User: Dr Lara Lamb
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Arts - School of Humanities and Communication
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2011 01:55
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2014 05:53
Uncontrolled Keywords: EMO; Papua New Guinea; shells; site occupation
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 16 Studies in Human Society > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology
21 History and Archaeology > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl. New Zealand)
16 Studies in Human Society > 1604 Human Geography > 160403 Social and Cultural Geography
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): C Society > 95 Cultural Understanding > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/19569

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