Kinetics of in situ epoxidation of hemp oil under heterogeneous reaction conditions: an overview with preliminary results

Cooney, T. I. and Cardona, F. and Tran-Cong, T. (2011) Kinetics of in situ epoxidation of hemp oil under heterogeneous reaction conditions: an overview with preliminary results. In: eddBE2011: 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing, 27-29 Apr 2011, Brisbane, Australia.

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Abstract

Epoxidised hemp oil (EHO) was synthesised in the laboratory by reacting hemp oil (HO) with peroxyacetic acid (PA) in a batch reactor. The peroxyacetic acid was formed in situ from acetic acid (AA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the presence on an acidic ion exchange resin (Amberlite IR-120) as catalyst. The overall reaction can be thought of as having two components. The first being epoxidation, a homogenous reaction which occurs at the interface of the aqueous phase and the HO phase while the second is the formation of PA, a heterogeneous reaction at the interface of the aqueous phase and the solid catalyst phase. The overall reaction kinetics were modelled by applying the Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) model to heterogeneous reactions. Of the steps in the reaction it is postulated that the formation of PA is rate limiting, while the epoxidation occurs comparatively fast negating the requirement for an additional homogenous model. The diffusion steps in the reaction are also ignored in the kinetic model as it is believed that their effects are negligible due to intensive mixing in the batch reactor. Experiments were used to determine the optimal molar ratios of reactants and it was found that at these conditions 88% conversion of double bonds to epoxy groups occurred. The kinetic model was found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.This conference is targeted at postgraduate students conducting research in Built Environment & Engineering. Papers submitted to this conference will be double blind peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published and made available to participants via edited proceedings.
Depositing User: Mr Nathan Manthey
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2011 05:19
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2014 01:23
Uncontrolled Keywords: epoxidation; hemp oil; reaction kinetics; hydrogen peroxide; peroxycarboxylic acid; ion exchange resin; batch reactor; heterogeneous reaction; Eley-Rideal mechanism; Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson model
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 03 Chemical Sciences > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030305 Polymerisation Mechanisms
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090402 Catalytic Process Engineering
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960609 Sustainability Indicators
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/19247

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