Lau, Kin-tak and Ho, Mei-po and Au-Yeung, Chi-ting and Cheung, Hoi-yan (2010) Biocomposites: their multifunctionality. International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials, 1 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1947-5411
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19475411003589780
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1080/19475411003589780
During the last decade, tissue engineering has shown a considerable promise in providing more viable alternatives to surgical procedures for harvested tissues, implants and prostheses. Due to the fast development on nano- and biomaterial technologies, it is now possible for doctors to use patients' cells to repair orthopaedic defects such as focal articular cartilage lesions. In order to support the three-dimensional tissue formation, scaffolds made by biocompatible and bioresorbable polymers and composite materials, for providing temporary support of damaged body and cell structures, have been developed recently. Although ceramic and metallic materials have been widely accepted for the development of implants, their non-resorbability and necessity of second surgical operation (like for bone repair), which induce extra pain for the patients, limit their wide applications. The development of different types of biocomposites for biomedical engineering applications is described. These biocomposites include (i) basic biomaterials; (ii) natural fiber-reinforced biocomposites and (iii) nanoparticle-reinforced biocomposites. Their multifunctionality is discussed in terms of the control of mechanical properties, biodegradability and bioresorbability.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||multifunctional materials; biocomposite; articular cartilages; bioresorbability; bioresorbable polymers; bone repair; cell structure; metallic material; surgical operation; surgical procedures; temporary support; three-dimensional tissue formation|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100703 Nanobiotechnology|
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110314 Orthopaedics
10 Technology > 1004 Medical Biotechnology > 100499 Medical Biotechnology not elsewhere classified
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering|
|Deposited On:||12 Jun 2011 14:56|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2012 15:12|
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