Biocomposites: their multifunctionality

Lau, Kin-tak and Ho, Mei-po and Au-Yeung, Chi-ting and Cheung, Hoi-yan (2010) Biocomposites: their multifunctionality. International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials, 1 (1). pp. 13-27. ISSN 1947-5411

Abstract

During the last decade, tissue engineering has shown a considerable promise in providing more viable alternatives to surgical procedures for harvested tissues, implants and prostheses. Due to the fast development on nano- and biomaterial technologies, it is now possible for doctors to use patients' cells to repair orthopaedic defects such as focal articular cartilage lesions. In order to support the three-dimensional tissue formation, scaffolds made by biocompatible and bioresorbable polymers and composite materials, for providing temporary support of damaged body and cell structures, have been developed recently. Although ceramic and metallic materials have been widely accepted for the development of implants, their non-resorbability and necessity of second surgical operation (like for bone repair), which induce extra pain for the patients, limit their wide applications. The development of different types of biocomposites for biomedical engineering applications is described. These biocomposites include (i) basic biomaterials; (ii) natural fiber-reinforced biocomposites and (iii) nanoparticle-reinforced biocomposites. Their multifunctionality is discussed in terms of the control of mechanical properties, biodegradability and bioresorbability.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Depositing User: Professor Alan Lau
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2011 04:56
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2013 23:29
Uncontrolled Keywords: multifunctional materials; biocomposite; articular cartilages; bioresorbability; bioresorbable polymers; bone repair; cell structure; metallic material; surgical operation; surgical procedures; temporary support; three-dimensional tissue formation
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100703 Nanobiotechnology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110314 Orthopaedics
10 Technology > 1004 Medical Biotechnology > 100499 Medical Biotechnology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1080/19475411003589780
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/19240

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