Mechanical properties of epoxidized hemp oil based biocomposites: preliminary results

Manthey, N. W. and Cardona, F. and Aravinthan, T. (2011) Mechanical properties of epoxidized hemp oil based biocomposites: preliminary results. In: eddBE2011: 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing, 27 -29 Apr 2011, Brisbane, Australia.

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Abstract

Vegetable oils or plant-oils are a sustainable, renewable resource able to be used for the production of bioresins. Oils with high levels of unsaturated fatty acids are used in the production of bio-based epoxy resins for use in biocomposite applications. A novel hemp oil based bioresin, epoxidized hemp oil (EHO) was synthesised at the Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites (CEEFC). Biocomposite samples were manufactured from EHO and commercial epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) (for comparison purposes) blended with an amine cured synthetic epoxy resin. Untreated jute matting was used as the fibre reinforcement. Tensile, flexural and impact properties were compared for EHO/epoxy and commercial ESO/epoxy, jute biocomposites. Both EHO and ESO functioned as tougheners to the commercial synthetic epoxy resin. Biocomposite samples containing EHO displayed superior mechanical properties than samples containing ESO. It was found that ESO quantities up until 10-20% and EHO quantities up until 30% compared favourably with the commercial synthetic epoxy resin. This comparable performance is attributed to enhanced fibre-matrix adhesion of EHO/ESO and the jute fibres. Overall the results of this preliminary research demonstrate that EHO is an excellent bioresin for use in biocomposite applications, with mechanical properties being comparable to commercial synthetic epoxy (up to 30% EHO content) and superior to commercial ESO across the data range.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Published version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Depositing User: Mr Nathan Manthey
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2011 04:17
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2014 22:07
Uncontrolled Keywords: biocomposite; bioresin; epoxidized hemp oil; green materials; mechanical properties; sustainable
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090503 Construction Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8603 Processed Non-Food Agriculture Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre) > 860399 Processed Non-Food Agricultural Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre) not elsewhere classified
B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8603 Processed Non-Food Agriculture Products (excl. Wood, Paper and Fibre) > 860303 Plant Extracts (e.g. Pyrethrum, Alkaloids, Jojoba Oil)
B Economic Development > 87 Construction > 8798 Environmentally Sustainable Construction > 879899 Environmentally Sustainable Construction not elsewhere classified
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/19138

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