Csiszar, Jolan and Guoth, Adrienn and Kolbert, Zsuzsanna and Galle, Agnes and Tari, Irma and Ciulca, Sorin and Madosa, Emilian and Erdei, Laszlo (2010) Starch to protein ratio and alpha-amylase activities in grains of different wheat cultivars. Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 54 (1). pp. 19-23. ISSN 1588-385X
|HTML Citation||EndNote||MODS||Dublin Core||Reference Manager|
Full text not available from this archive.
Official URL: http://sci.u-szeged.hu/ABS
Starch and total protein contents, α-amylase activity of grains as well as falling number in the flour, an internationally accepted measure of α-amylase activity in the food industry, were compared in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes which are widely used in the agriculture and breeding in Romania and Hungary. These cultivars were originated from Romania (20 cultivars), Hungary (cv. GK Élet, GK Öthalom and Mv Emese), France (cv. Cappelle Desprez), the USA (cv. Plainsman) and China (cv. Xiang). The starch contents of the grains were high in those cultivars, where the protein contents were relatively low. The highest starch content among the investigated wheat genotypes was found in the Romanian Gruia cultivar, which could be characterized also with low starch degrading α-amylase activity in the grain and with a high falling number. This wheat genotype can be a good candidate for utilization in starch industry. Other genotypes, which had relatively high starch contents and, a low α-amylase activity (or high falling number) were the Romanian Crina and Gloria, the Hungarian GK Öthalom, GK Élet, Mv Emese and the French Cappelle Desprez cultivars.
|Item Type:||Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)|
|Additional Information:||No evidence of copyright restrictions.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||α-amylase activity; falling number; starch content; total protein content; wheat genotypes|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||09 Engineering > 0999 Other Engineering > 099901 Agricultural Engineering|
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070302 Agronomy
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0703 Crop and Pasture Production > 070305 Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||B Ecomonic Development > 82 Plant Production and Plant Primary Products > 8205 Winter Grains and Oilseeds > 820507 Wheat|
|Deposited On:||31 May 2011 21:33|
|Last Modified:||09 Jan 2012 14:36|
Archive Staff Only: edit this record