Mechanical and thermal properties of chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites

Cheng, Sha and Lau, Kin-Tak and Liu, Tao and Zhao, Yong-Qing and Lam, Pou-Man and Yin, Yansheng (2009) Mechanical and thermal properties of chicken feather fiber/PLA green composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 40 (7). pp. 650-654. ISSN 1359-8368

Abstract

Chicken feather fiber (CFF)/reinforced poly(lactic acid) (PLA) composites were processed using a twin-screw extruder and an injection molder. The tensile moduli of CFF/PLA composites with different CFF content (2, 5, 8 and 10 wt%) were found to be higher than that of pure PLA, and a maximum value of 4.2 GPa (16 % ↑) was attained with 5 wt% of CFF without causing any substantial weight increment. The morphology, evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), indicated that an uniform dispersion of CFF in the PLA matrix existed. The mechanical and thermal properties of pure PLA and CFF/PLA composites were compared using dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermomechanical analysis (TMA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). DMA results revealed that the storage modulus of the composites increased with respect to the pure polymer, whereas the mechanical loss factor (tan δ) decreased. The results of TGA experiments indicated that the addition of CFF enhanced the thermal stability of the composites as compared to pure PLA. The outcome obtained from this study is believed to assist the development of environmentally-friendly composites from biodegradable polymers, especially for converting agricultural waste - chicken feather into useful products.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Depositing User: Professor Alan Lau
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2011 05:22
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2014 07:11
Uncontrolled Keywords: chicken feathers; green composites; injection moulders; matrix; mechanical and thermal properties; mechanical loss; polylactic acids; pure polymers; SEM; storage moduli; tensile moduli; thermal stability; thermomechanical analysis; twin screw extruders; uniform dispersions; polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
10 Technology > 1003 Industrial Biotechnology > 100306 Industrial Molecular Engineering of Nucleic Acids and Proteins
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8398 Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production > 839804 Management of Solid Waste from Animal Production
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.04.011
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18919

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