Fabrication and characterization of unidirectional silk fibre composites

Ahmed, Mansur and Islam, Md Saiful and Ahsan, Qumrul and Islam, Md Mainul (2011) Fabrication and characterization of unidirectional silk fibre composites. In: ICCST8: 8th International Conference on Composite Science and Technology, 22-24 Mar 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Natural fibres offer a number of benefits as reinforcement for synthetic polymers since they have high specific strength and stiffness, high impact strength, biodegradability etc. The aim of this study is to fabricate and determine the performance of unidirectional silk fibre reinforced polymer composites. In the present initial study, alkali treated silk fibres were incorporated as reinforcing agent, while a mixture of 20% maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) and commercial grade polypropylene (PP) was used as matrix element. The unidirectional composites were fabricated by using hot compression machine under specific pressure, temperature and varying fibre loading. Tensile, flexural, impact and hardness tests were carried out by varying silk fibre volume fraction. Composites containing 45% fibre volume fraction had higher tensile and flexural strength, Young’s modulus and flexural modulus compared to other fabricated composites including those with untreated silk fibres. SEM micrographs were taken to examine composite fracture surface and interfacial adhesion between silk fibre and the matrix. These micrographs suggested less fibre pull out and better interfacial bonding for 40% fibre reinforced composites.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Paper)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to Published version due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Depositing User: Dr Mainul Islam
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2011 04:44
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural fibres; resins; PP; MAPP; properties; silk fibre; undirectional; fabrication
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 03 Chemical Sciences > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry > 030305 Polymerisation Mechanisms
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials
09 Engineering > 0910 Manufacturing Engineering > 091012 Textile Technology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 86 Manufacturing > 8604 Leather Products, Fibre Processing and Textiles > 860403 Natural Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.471-472.20
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18909

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