Identification of the risk factors for high airborne particle concentrations in broiler buildings using statistical modelling

Banhazi, T. M. and Seedorf, J. and Laffrique, M. and Rutley, D. L. (2008) Identification of the risk factors for high airborne particle concentrations in broiler buildings using statistical modelling. Biosystems Engineering, 101 (1). pp. 100-110. ISSN 1537-5110

Abstract

High concentrations of airborne particles in poultry building can affect the environmental sustainability of the operation, production efficiency, and the health and welfare of the birds. In addition, sub-optimal air quality can create occupational health and safety (OH&S) risks for farm workers. It was hypothesised that a systematic study of the relationship between air quality and housing features could identify practical ways of reducing the concentration of airborne pollutants found in poultry buildings. To achieve this aim the concentration of total viable (airborne bacteria), inhalable and respirable particles were measured in the airspace of 17 commercial broiler buildings between October 2001 and January 2002. The overall mean total viable, inhalable and respirable particle concentrations measured were 5.27 × 105 cfu m−3, 4.32 mg m−3, 0.84 mg m−3, respectively. The characteristics of the buildings surveyed were documented at the time of sampling and a multi-factorial general linear modelling approach was used to identify the statistically significant factors influencing the concentration of airborne particles. The viable airborne particle concentration was influenced by the cleaning regime (p = 0.067), ventilation type (p = 0.006), age of buildings (p = 0.006), bedding type (p = 0.075) and temperature (p = 0.002). The type of ventilation (p = 0.008), bedding (p = 0.045), temperature (p = 0.023) and building age (p = 0.04) had significant effects on inhalable particle concentrations. Four factors were identified as having a significant affect on respirable particle concentrations in broiler buildings. These were cleaning or not cleaning between batches of birds (p = 0.055), biological loading (kg birds per building airspace) of buildings (p = 0.008), ventilation levels (p = 0.005) and humidity (p = 0.016). The positive effects of cleaning and tunnel ventilation were clearly identified during the study and the fact that older buildings appear to have reduced airborne particle concentrations is also noteworthy. Further refinement and implementation of these aspects of broiler building management would lead to innovative airborne particle reduction opportunities. In turn, an improvement in air quality within poultry buildings should enhance production efficiency, the health of birds and could potentially reduce OH&S related health problems in humans.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2011 12:34
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2014 07:50
Uncontrolled Keywords: air pollution; air quality; concentration (process); environmental protection; industrial hygiene; occupational risks; risk assessment; airborne bacteria; airborne particles; airborne pollutants; environmental sustainability; farm workers; high concentrations; occupational health and safety; particle concentrations; production efficiencies; respirable particles
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 01 Mathematical Sciences > 0104 Statistics > 010401 Applied Statistics
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0702 Animal Production > 070203 Animal Management
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 83 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 8398 Environmentally Sustainable Animal Production > 839801 Management of Gaseous Waste from Animal Production (excl. Greenhouse Gases)
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2008.06.007
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18896

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