Fishpond sediment-borne DDTs and HCHs in the Pearl River delta: characteristics, environmental risk and fate following the use of the sediment as plant growth media

Li, Huashou and Ling, Weifeng and Lin, Chuxia (2011) Fishpond sediment-borne DDTs and HCHs in the Pearl River delta: characteristics, environmental risk and fate following the use of the sediment as plant growth media. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 186 (2-3). pp. 1474-1480. ISSN 0304-3894

Abstract

Investigation was made to characterize the fishpond sediment-borne DDTs and HCHs in a dyke-pond integrated agriculture-aquaculture system. Microcosm experiment was conducted to track the fate of DDTs and HCHs following the use of the sediment as plant growth media. The ratios of DDT/DDE. +. DDD, o,p′-DDT/p,p′-DDT and DDD/DDE were over 4, over 2 and nearly 2, respectively. These suggest that fresh DDT inputs from dicofol application are likely and anaerobic decomposition was the major pathway of DDT degradation. The sediments had higher percentage of δ-HCH and lower percentage of γ-HCH, compared to technical HCH. The levels of both DDTs and HCHs were higher in the sediments, as compared to those in the estuarine sediments and fishpond sediments in non-traditional dyke-pond system. The sediment-borne DDTs and HCHs posed an environmental threat to the local ecosystem. Upon its use as plant growth media, the majority of DDTs was retained in the soil while <1/3 of the original soil-borne DDTs were lost; no leaching loss was recorded and plant uptake was negligible. Only <20% of the original soil-borne HCHs were retained in the soil while leaching loss accounted for 1.24%; nearly 79% of the original soil-borne HCHs disappeared as a result of HCHs degradation and possibly volatilization.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Author version not held. Published version cannot be displayed. Available online:14 December 2010 2-s2.0-79751535220
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - No Department
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2011 10:34
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: benthic sediment; DDT; environmental fate; fishpond; HCH; microcosm experiment
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 05 Environmental Sciences > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl. Carbon Sequestration Science)
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070401 Aquaculture
04 Earth Sciences > 0403 Geology > 040310 Sedimentology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960607 Rural Land Evaluation
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.12.031
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18830

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