Polymer membranes for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell: recent advances and challenge

Bose, Saswata and Kuila, Tapas and Nguyen, Thi Xuan Hien and Kim, Nam Hoon and Lau, Kin-tak and Lee, Joong Hee (2011) Polymer membranes for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell: recent advances and challenge. Progress in Polymer Science, 36 (6). pp. 813-843. ISSN 0079-6700

Abstract

Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are considered to be a promising technology for efficient power generation in the 21st century. Currently, high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFC) offer several advantages, such as high proton conductivity, low permeability to fuel, low electro-osmotic drag coefficient, good chemical/thermal stability, good mechanical properties and low cost. Owing to the aforementioned features, high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells have been utilized more widely compared to low temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells, which contain certain limitations, such as carbon monoxide poisoning, heat management, water leaching, etc. This review examines the inspiration for HT-PEMFC development, the technological constraints, and recent advances. Various classes of polymers, such as sulfonated hydrocarbon polymers, acid–base polymers and blend polymers, have been analyzed to fulfill the key requirements of high temperature operation of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). The effect of inorganic additives on the performance of HT-PEMFC has been scrutinized. A detailed discussion of the synthesis of polymer, membrane fabrication and physicochemical characterizations is provided. The proton conductivity and cell performance of the polymeric membranes can be improved by high temperature treatment. The mechanical and water retention properties have shown significant improvement., However, there is scope for further research from the perspective of achieving improvements in certain areas, such as optimizing the thermal and chemical stability of the polymer, acid management, and the integral interface between the electrode and membrane.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy.
Depositing User: Professor Alan Lau
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - No Department
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2011 23:48
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2014 12:06
Uncontrolled Keywords: high temperature proton exchange membrane; fuel cell; polymeric membrane; proton conductivity; cell performance; water retention
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 09 Engineering > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090405 Non-automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
09 Engineering > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090607 Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power)
09 Engineering > 0912 Materials Engineering > 091209 Polymers and Plastics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): B Economic Development > 85 Energy > 8504 Energy Transformation > 850401 Fuel Cells (excl. Solid Oxide)
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2011.01.003
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18725

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