Stone, Roger C. and Marcussen, Torben and Mushtaq, Shahbaz (2010) An application of demerit point approach in selection of most suitable climate models to characterise the potential climate change impact on regional Australia. In: American Geophysical Union 2010 Fall Meeting, 13-17 Dec 2010, San Francisco, USA.
Text (Accepted Version)
The combination of climate variability and long-term climate change is having and will have potentially large impacts on rainfall and river flows in regional Australia. However, regional climatic factors such as the El Niño/Southern Oscillation may also exacerbate or otherwise ameliorate the impact of the global climatic system in the regional Australia, creating uncertainties. In order to accommodate for regional influences, therefore reducing uncertainties, we have adopted ‘demerit points approach’ developed by Suppiah et al. (2007) to select the appropriate climate models that are both relevant for a geographical region, especially in their ability to reproduce aspects of the regions key climatic ‘drivers’. The ‘demerit points approach’ provides one point for a root mean square error greater than two or a pattern correlation less than 0.8 in any given season. In this, there are a high number of demerit points allocated for models that do not reproduce observed rainfall and temperature patterns in regional Australia as well as a total appraisal of the allocation of demerit points across a wider range of indicators. The ‘demerit point approach’ has been successfully applied to regional Australia, mainly in south east Queensland and Tasmania. Overall, the models output suggest considerable decrease in autumn/winter/spring rainfall and runoff, an annual decline in rainfall and runoff. However, models suggest potential for an increase in core summer rainfall and an increase in December-March runoff, especially in the southern regions of Queensland.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Poster)|
|Additional Information:||This is a refereed poster presentation. No evidence of copyright restrictions.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||climate models; climate change; El Nino; Southern Oscillation Index; rainfall; river flows; Australia|
|Depositing User:||Dr Shahbaz Mushtaq|
|Date Deposited:||18 Mar 2011 10:32|
|Last Modified:||10 Sep 2013 04:39|
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