Education and conservation benefits of marine wildlife tours: developing free-choice learning experiences

Zeppel, Heather (2008) Education and conservation benefits of marine wildlife tours: developing free-choice learning experiences. Journal of Environmental Education, 39 (3). pp. 3-18. ISSN 0095-8964

Abstract

Marine wildlife tours can provide a range of education and conservation benefits for visitors, including emotional (i.e., affective) responses and learning (i.e., cognition). Interpretive programs cover the biology, ecology, and behavior of marine species; best practice guidelines; and human threats to marine areas. The author reviews the education and conservation benefits of 18 marine wildlife experiences with dolphins, whales, and marine turtles by using (a) M. Orams's (1999) framework of indicators such as behavior or lifestyle changes in visitors and (b) 3 environmental indicators of conservation. Results of this meta-analysis showed that visitor learning and emotional empathy during mediated encounters with marine wildlife contributed to on-site behavior changes and some longer term intentions to engage in marine conservation actions. The author presents an experience-learning-action model to guide research and develop free-choice visitor learning


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Copyright of this journal is the property of the publisher and its contents may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holders express written permission (at end of article).
Depositing User: epEditor USQ
Faculty / Department / School: Current - USQ Other
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2011 01:19
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:34
Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental education; learning experiences; ecotourism; attitude change
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1506 Tourism > 150606 Tourist Behaviour and Visitor Experience
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050203 Environmental Education and Extension
05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): D Environment > 96 Environment > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960703 Environmental Education and Awareness
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.3200/JOEE.39.3.3-18
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18694

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