Zeppel, Heather (2009) National parks as cultural landscapes: Indigenous peoples, conservation and tourism. In: Frost, Warwick and Hall, C. Michael, (eds.) Tourism and national parks: international perspectives on development, histories and change. Contemporary Geographies of Leisure, Tourism and Mobility . Taylor & Francis (Routledge), Abingdon, Oxon, UK, pp. 259-281. ISBN 978-0-415-47156-5
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[Introduction]: Globally, 50 per cent of all national parks and protected areas are on indigenous lands, with 85 per cent of parks in Latin America and Africa declared on indigenous territories (Kemf J 993, Amend and Amend 1995. Colchester 1996. Mackay 2002). This chapter reviews the history of indigenous exclusion and removal from national parks regarded as 'wilderness areas', starting with Yellowstone. and the relationship to tourism. By the 1980s, there was emerging recognition of national parks as cultural landscapes, inhabited by local people, with legal recognition of indigenous land rights and the advent of co-managed or jointly managed parks. Some key national parks that are now managed with indigenous groups in Australia. New Zealand, South Africa, Canada and the US are critically examined. These co-managed national parks represent the cultural identity of affiliated indigenous nations along with other political, economic and environmental values of national parks as symbolic landscapes and conservation or tourism icons representing the identity of modern nation-states. There is a focus in this chapter on governance structures allowing for indigenous inclusion in park management, cultural interpretation, cultural values and conflicts in parks and the involvement of indigenous groups in tourism and conservation within these co-managed national parks. Regaining legal control over tribal lands within parks and the reassertion of indigenous cultural identity in protected areas will increasingly define the management of conservation and tourism in these parks.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Commonwealth Reporting Category B)|
|Additional Information:||Chapter 19. Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright policy. Print copy held in the USQ Library at call no. 363.68 Tou.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||national parks; cultural landscapes; indigenous peoples; conservation; tourism|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||05 Environmental Sciences > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050201 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Environmental Knowledge|
15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services > 1506 Tourism > 150603 Tourism Management
21 History and Archaeology > 2102 Curatorial and Related Studies > 210202 Heritage and Cultural Conservation
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||B Ecomonic Development > 90 Commercial Services and Tourism > 9003 Tourism > 900302 Socio-Cultural Issues in Tourism|
|Deposited On:||18 Sep 2011 15:37|
|Last Modified:||02 May 2012 14:14|
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