The DOCA-salt hypertensive rat as a model of cardiovascular oxidative and inflammatory stress

Iyer, Abishek and Chan, Vincent and Brown, Lindsay (2010) The DOCA-salt hypertensive rat as a model of cardiovascular oxidative and inflammatory stress. Current Cardiology Reviews, 6 (4). pp. 291-297. ISSN 1573-403X

Abstract

Oxidative stress and inflammation are two sides of the same coin that are intricately combined to elicit a chronic pathophysiological stress state, especially as seen in cardiovascular remodelling. In this review, we argue that administration of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) and sodium chloride to uninephrectomised rats, defined as DOCA-salt hypertensive rats, provides a reliable animal model of oxidative and inflammatory stress in the cardiovascular system. The supporting evidence includes pathophysiological and biochemical changes together with pharmacological responses to synthetic and natural compounds that lower the concentrations of reactive free radical species and that curtail inflammatory responses in the cardiovascular system.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Permanent restricted access to published version due to publisher copyright restrictions.
Depositing User: Ms Debbie White
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2011 08:56
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:33
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular remodelling; DOCA-salt; fibrosis; hypertrophy; inflammation; oxidative stress
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics > 110199 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics not elsewhere classified
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111501 Basic Pharmacology
11 Medical and Health Sciences > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.2174/157340310793566109
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18629

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