Manufacturing polymer/carbon nanotube composite using a novel direct process

Tran, C.-D. and Lucas, S. and Phillips, D. G. and Randeniya, L. K. and Baughman, R. H. and Tran-Cong, T. (2011) Manufacturing polymer/carbon nanotube composite using a novel direct process. Nanotechnology, 22 (14). pp. 1453021-1453029. ISSN 0957-4484

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Abstract

A direct process for manufacturing polymer carbon nanotube (CNT)-based composite yarns is reported. The new approach is based on a modified dry spinning method of CNT yarn and gives a high alignment of the CNT bundle structure in yarns. The aligned CNT structure was combined with a polymer resin and, after being stressed through the spinning process, the resin was cured and polymerized, with the CNT structure acting as reinforcement in the composite. Thus the present method obviates the need for special and complex treatments to align and disperse CNTs in a polymer matrix. The new process allows us to produce a polymer/CNT composite with properties that may satisfy various engineering specifications. The structure of the yarn was investigated using scanning electron microscopy coupled with a focused-ion-beam system. The tensile behavior was characterized using a dynamic mechanical analyzer. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry was also used to chemically analyze the presence of polymer on the composites. The process allows development of polymer/CNT-based composites with different mechanical properties suitable for a range of applications by using various resins.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Accepted version deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Depositing User: Dr Canh-Dung Tran
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Engineering and Surveying - Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2011 02:06
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2013 00:30
Uncontrolled Keywords: polymer carbon nanotube; manufacture; bundle structures; composite yarn; dry spinning; dynamic mechanical analyzer; engineering specification; focused-ion-beam system; Fourier transform infrared spectrometry; polymer carbon nanotubes; polymer resins; polymer/carbon nanotube composites; spinning process; tensile behaviors
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100707 Nanomanufacturing
01 Mathematical Sciences > 0101 Pure Mathematics > 010106 Lie Groups, Harmonic and Fourier Analysis
10 Technology > 1007 Nanotechnology > 100706 Nanofabrication, Growth and Self Assembly
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970110 Expanding Knowledge in Technology
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/14/145302
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/18436

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