Turnbull, David J. and Parisi, Alfio (2006) Increasing the protection offered by shade structures. In: 6th Annual Health and Medical Research Conference of Queensland, 23-24 Nov 2006, Brisbane, Queensland.
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[Purpose of study]: Solar UV radiation is incident on the earth’s surface in two distinct components, direct and scattered. The direct component is straight forward to minimise by simply blocking its path, whereas the scattered component is incident from all directions and is difficult to minimise. Scattered UV radiation is present underneath shade structures due to scattering by the atmosphere and surroundings. Therefore, the side openings of a shade structure have a direct influence on where the shade is located and the level of scattered UV in the shaded area. UV exposures were assessed for the decrease in scattered UV beneath specific shade structures as a result of using two types of side-on protection, namely, polycarbonate sheeting and vegetation. Conclusions: Anatomical facial measurements conducted in the shade of a scale model shade structure during summer and winter showed significant decreases in UV exposure for summer and for winter when polycarbonate sheeting was added to specific sides of the shade structure. Broadband field measurements conducted in the shade of four shade structures with various amounts of vegetation covering different sides, showed that the positioning of vegetation for side-on protection is vital for decreasing the scattered UV in the shade. Adding suitable vegetation and/or polycarbonate sheeting to specific sides of shade structures can significantly reduce scattered UV in the shade compared to shade structures that do not utilise any side-on protection. The positioning of the shade structure in respect to full sun activities is of key importance particularly where these activities involve infants and children.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Commonwealth Reporting Category E) (Poster)|
|Additional Information:||Poster presentation. Abstract only available. No evidence of copyright restrctions on web site.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||shade, ultraviolet radiation|
|Fields of Research (FOR2008):||02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified|
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
|Subjects:||240000 Physical Sciences > 249900 Other Physical Sciences > 249999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified|
|Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008):||UNSPECIFIED|
|Deposited On:||11 Oct 2007 10:42|
|Last Modified:||01 Sep 2011 11:02|
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