Athletic identity and its relationship to sport participation levels

Lamont-Mills, Andrea and Christensen, Steven A. (2006) Athletic identity and its relationship to sport participation levels. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9 (6). pp. 472-478. ISSN 1440-2440

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Abstract

This study looked at the relationship between athletic identity and three levels of sport participation (elite, recreational, non participation). Athletic identity was measured using the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS) with participants being compared on the total AIMS score and scores on its three factors (social identity, exclusivity, negative affectivity). Results indicated that the male non participation group scored lower on all three factors and the total AIMS when compared to the two athlete groups. The male elite and recreational groups did not differ on exclusivity and negative affectivity but did differ on the total AIMS and social identity, with elite scoring higher than recreational. For female participants, the non participation group again scored lower on all three factors and the total AIMS when compared to the two athlete groups. The female elite and recreational groups did not differ on negative affectivity but did differ on the total AIMS, social identity, and exclusivity, with elite scoring higher than recreational. Findings suggest that to assume sport is only important to elite athletes ignores the role that sport may play for less talented sport participants. Whilst not seeing themselves as athletes per se, it is suggested that participation in sport may still impact upon the self-perceptions of recreational sport participants. Therefore, threats to participation may result in similar negative consequences for both elite athletes and recreational sport participants.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: The correct APA reference for this article is as follows. Lamont-Mills, A., & Christensen, S. A. (2006). Athletic identity and its relationship to sport participation levels. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 9, 472-478.
Depositing User: Dr Andrea Lamont-Mills
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Psychology
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:40
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:37
Uncontrolled Keywords: social identification, self concept, athletic identity, recreational athlete, elite athlete
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 1701 Psychology > 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.94.004
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/1345

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