Comparison between seasons of the ultraviolet environment in the shade of trees in Australia

Parisi, A. V. and Wong, J. C. F. and Kimlin, M. G. and Turnbull, D. and Lester, R. (2001) Comparison between seasons of the ultraviolet environment in the shade of trees in Australia. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology and Photomedicine, 17 (2). pp. 55-59. ISSN 0905-4383

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Abstract

Background/Purpose: This paper has considered the erythemal UV (UVery), UVA and visible irradiances in the shade of Australian trees for each season at a sub-tropical southern hemisphere site. Methods: The irradiances in tree shade have been measured with radiometers as a percentage of the irradiances in the sun for each season of the year. Results: Although the solar irradiances are lower in winter, the percentages of the UV in tree shade compared to the UV in full sun are marginally higher (by up to 7%) in the winter compared to summer. The range of percentages for UVery was up to double that of the percentages of the visible waveband. The percentages for UVery were also higher than for the UVA waveband. The percentages of the irradiances in the tree shade compared to full sun are lower at noon by an amount of 8% to 14% compared to the morning and afternoon for the UVery waveband. The ratio of UVA to UVery is lower in the tree shade compared to the full sun. Conclusion: The UVA to UVery ratio is expected to be even lower in the tree shade as a result of ozone depletion. This combined with the visible irradiances in the tree shade not being a reliable indication of the biologically damaging UV irradiances has consequences for public health and skin cancer prevention.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Alfio Parisi
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:36
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2013 02:51
Uncontrolled Keywords: erythema; ultraviolet; shade; tree; UVA; solar
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029904 Synchrotrons; Accelerators; Instruments and Techniques
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO2008): E Expanding Knowledge > 97 Expanding Knowledge > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0781.2001.017002055.x
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/1176

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