Measured and modelled contributions to UV exposures by the albedo of surfaces in an urban environment

Parisi, Alfio and Sabburg, Jeff and Kimlin, Michael G. and Downs, Nathan (2003) Measured and modelled contributions to UV exposures by the albedo of surfaces in an urban environment. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 76 (3-4). pp. 181-188. ISSN 1434-4483

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Abstract

The increases in the erythemal UV exposures to horizontal planes and to inclined planes over three surfaces that are found in an urban environment (water, concrete and sand) due to the albedo of these surfaces have been estimated. For the cloud free case, the additional daily estimated UV exposures to a horizontal plane have a maximum value of 222 (J m-2), where the index after the unit is there to indicate that it refers to a biologically effective exposure. In comparison, the daily erythemal UV exposures over a year to a horizontal plane ranged from 425 to 8,321 (J m-2). For a vertical receiving plane that is rotating about a vertical axis, the additional erythemal daily UV exposures for the sub-tropical latitude location of this research for the ranges of solar azimuth angles encountered over the days in each season ranged from 16 to 311 (J m-2), 29 to 566 (J m-2) and 46 to 905 (J m-2) for water, concrete and sand respectively. The estimated error is ±20% and the calculations are based on clear-sky conditions. The additional erythemal UV averaged over each of the seasons was higher for the receiving plane inclined at 45 degrees below the horizontal plane. In a similar fashion, the vertical surface has the higher additional erythemal UV exposures compared to the surfaces inclined at an angle above the horizontal.


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Item Type: Article (Commonwealth Reporting Category C)
Refereed: Yes
Item Status: Live Archive
Additional Information: Deposited in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Alfio Parisi
Faculty / Department / School: Historic - Faculty of Sciences - Department of Biological and Physical Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2007 00:36
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 22:36
Uncontrolled Keywords: UV, albedo, urban, erythema, reflection
Fields of Research (FOR2008): 02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029999 Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
02 Physical Sciences > 0299 Other Physical Sciences > 029904 Synchrotrons; Accelerators; Instruments and Techniques
04 Earth Sciences > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences > 040103 Atmospheric Radiation
Identification Number or DOI: doi: 10.1007/s00704-003-0012-9
URI: http://eprints.usq.edu.au/id/eprint/1163

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